What The Frogs Eye Tells The Frogs Brain

What are the consequences of this work? Fundamentally, it shows that the eye speaks to the brain in a language already highly organized and interpreted, instead of transmitting some more or less accurate copy of the distribution of light on the receptors. As a crude analogy, suppose we have a ...


by Maturana, Humberto ; Lettvin, Jy ; McCulloch, W.S. ; Pitts, W.H. | 2 Jul 2015, 12:40 | maturanovská neurobiologie  

Objektivita. Argument příkazu

Je možné být skutečně objektivní? Je to možné alespoň v sociální, politické, ekonomické analýze? Jestliže ne, znamená to, že zůstáváme na pospas nejkrajnějšímu relativismu? Je toto hlavní příčina našich obtíží při zlepšování světa?

by Maturana, Humberto ; Lorenzová, Jitka | 20 May 2015, 15:52 | autopoiesa   nová biologie  

Gregory Bateson, Systems Theory, and Autopoiesis

Bateson and Maturana, both contemporary philosophers and systemic thinkers, spent a good part of their academic careers searching for the "Patterns of Life";. Both men have strong backgrounds in cybernetics and were colleagues of the great cybernetician Heinz Von Foerester, who originated the legendary Macy conferences in the 1950's in ...

by Hallbom, Kristine | 28 Dec 2014, 16:29 | systémová teorie  

The Biological Foundations of Virtual Realities and Their Implications for Human Existence

To consider the implications of the operation of the nervous sys- tem – and of the constitution of cultures as closed networks of languaging and emotioning – for how we understand and generate so-called “virtual realities.”

| The Biological Foundations of Virtual Realities and Their Implications for Human Existence

by Maturana, Humberto | 15 Sep 2014, 6:11

Ontology of Observing

My purpose in this essay is to explain cognition as a biological phenomenon, and to show, in the process, how language arises and gives origin to self consciousness, revealing the ontological foundations of the physical domain of existence as a limiting cognitive domain. In order to do this I shall ...

| Ontology of Observing

by Maturana, Humberto | 15 Sep 2014, 6:00


The answers to these two questions would have been obvious years ago: Human beings, of course, machines are instruments of human design! But now days when we speak so much of progress, science and technology as if progress, science and technology were in themselves values to be venerated, there are ...

by Maturana, Humberto | 15 Sep 2014, 5:58

Biology of Language: The Epistemology of Reality

I am not a linguist, I am a biologist. Therefore, I shall speak about language as a biologist, and address myself to two basic biological questions, namely: 1. What processes must take place in an organism for it to establish a linguistic domain with another organism? 2. What processes take ...

by Maturana, Humberto | 15 Sep 2014, 5:54

Autopoiesis, Structural Coupling and Cognition: A history of these and other notions in the biology of cognition

My intent in this essay is to reflect on the history of some biological notions such as autopoiesis, structural coupling, and cognition, that I have developed since the early 1960's as a result of my work on visual perception and the organization of the living. No doubt I shall repeat ...

by Maturana, Humberto | 12 Sep 2014, 13:42 | 1 review | autopoiesa  

Distinguishing Ernst von Glasersfeld’s “Radical Constructivism” from Humberto Maturana’s “Radical Realism”

Ernst von Glasersfeld has dedicated a lot of effort to trying to define just where his views and those of his friend Humberto Maturana part company, epistemologically speaking (Glasersfeld 1991, 2001).As a contribution to unravelling this puzzle I propose in this article to delineate just where they seem to differ ...

| Oikos

by Kenny, Vincent | 12 Sep 2014, 9:05 | radikální konstruktivismus   kritická úvaha  

Konstruktivistické úvahy o lásce

Vybral jsem pro Vás dva nezkrácené texty H. Maturany a N. Luhmanna, první z roku 1985, druhý (v prvním vydání) z roku 1982. Důvodem takové volby pro mě bylo jejich propojení společným tématem "lásky" – tématem, jež se zdá být tak vzdálené chladnému jazyku konstruktivistů. Dalším důvodem je odlišnost přístupu ...

by Luhmann, Niklas ; Strnad, Vratislav ; Maturana, Humberto | 8 May 2014, 9:17